Seat belt violations include both the driver and passenger and result in two demerit points. The following table lists detailed violations in relation to seat belts as specified in the Highway Traffic Act and its regulations:

Violations related to Seatbelt under
the HTA and Reg. 613
Demerit Points Fine and Others
Driver failing to properly wear seat belt 2 Not less than $200
Not more than $1,000
Plus:
Victim Surcharge: $35
Court Costs: $5
Driving while passenger under 16 fails to occupy position with seat belt 2
Driving while passenger under 16 fails to properly wear seat belt 2
Driving while child passenger not properly secured 2
Driver failing to ensure infant 2
Driver failing to ensure toddler (9-18 kg) is secured by a seat belt and tether strap attached to an anchor bolted into the vehicle’s frame 2
Driver failing to ensure child passenger is secured properly 2
Passengers who are 16 years of age and older are responsible for buckling themselves up, otherwise they can face the fine
Passengers appear above 16 failing to give prove their identification is also an offence and subject to the fine

There are some exceptions to rules of wearing seat belts which can also be reasons for not being punished. However, you are required to have the certificate available at the scene. Exceptions include;

  1. a person who is driving a motor vehicle in reverse;
  2. a driver or passenger who holds a certificate signed by a legally qualified medical practitioner certifying that the person is unable for medical reasons to wear a seat belt;
  3. a driver or passenger who holds a certificate because the person’s size, build or other physical characteristic make them unable to wear a seat belt assembly
  4. exception for people who are engaged in work which requires him or her to alight from and re-enter the motor vehicle at frequent intervals and the motor vehicle does not travel at a speed exceeding 40 kilometres per hour, i.e. police, mail carrier, or firefighter.